Suspicious cholera cases jumped in northeastern Nigeria, where violence by Boko Haram forced tens of thousands of people to seek refuge in overcrowded camps, the Refugee Council of Norway reported today.
The humanitarian group said 10,000 people were affected by the rapidly expanding cholera outbreak and 175 people died in the northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe in early November 2018.
"One of the main causes of the outbreak is congestion in the fields, which makes it difficult to provide adequate water, sanitation and hygiene services," said Janet Cherono, director of the NRC program at Maiduguri, capital of the state of Borno.
"The rain season also worsened the conditions. If no more land is provided for the decongestion and construction of sanitation and sanitation facilities, Nigeria is targeting a new outbreak of cholera in 2019."
Nigeria has experienced regular cholera outbreaks since Boko Haram has taken arms against the government in 2009.
* Sign up for News24's most important news in your inbox: SUBSCRIBE NO NEWSLETTER HELLO AFRICA
FOLLOW News24 Africa on Twitter e Facebook
More than 1.8 million people were displaced by the bloody conflict, which claimed more than 27,000 lives and destroyed everyday life in the Chad lake region.
Maiduguri, the birthplace of Boko Haram, houses 243,000 displaced people in crowded camps with poor hygiene facilities, creating a fertile environment for cholera to spread it, according to NRC.
Cholera is caused by a bacterium transmitted through contaminated food or drinking water. Causes acute diarrhea, with children particularly at risk.
Nigeria, the largest oil producer in Africa, suffers a high rate of waterborne diseases as a result of the infrastructure and ruined infrastructure.
On Thursday, President Muhammadu Buhari declared a "state of emergency" in the country's water sector, describing the statistics on open defecation and access to water channeled as "disturbing."