Have a house that, in fact, is worth $ 500,000, but the Treasury will cost you 500 thousand pesos. Provinces that unusually charge three times more taxes on motor vehicles than on real estate. Millions of soy fields that cross the boundaries of Santa Fe and Córdoba, but that on the Santa Fe side pay less real estate taxes than the Cordovans.
The Government advances to create a federal superorganism on Wednesday 21, which will aim to "ensure that real estate valuations tend to reflect the real estate market and territorial dynamics", according to the decree signed by Mauricio Macri. the body was created.
The revaluation – it would take two years to complete it – will have a specific aspect: it will have an impact on what is levied on municipal taxes, on real estate tax collected by the provinces and on Personal Assets.
The properties that are not recorded today, would become. Although it is possible that before the increase in the tax value, the different jurisdictions adjust the aliquot they charge so that the impact is not so great.
The agency will operate within the scope of the Ministry of the Interior. Its creation was contemplated in the Fiscal Pact last year.
In the Government they refuse that behind the revaluation there is a new blow against the middle class. They assure that the objective is not to collect taxes but to normalize the procedures that are applied throughout the country to value real estate and generate greater equity among all the taxpayers.
"We all have homogeneous ratings and similar values per region. Today, a house similar to Jujuy in Salta has a very different valuation," said Clarin Alejandro Caldarelli, Secretary of Provinces and Municipalities of the Interior Ministry. Caldarelli has specified that the provinces will have "information related to the registration of goods and rents."
The work will be arduous. According to the 2010 census, at that time in Argentina there were 13,835,751 homes. More current data that handles in the Interior's detail that there are 330,000 rural plots in the country and 16 million urban plots registered (90% have buildings).
The new body will be composed of representatives of the Nation and the provinces. The first thing they must do is define a work plan. Next, they must agree on a methodology and homogenize the way in which cadastres of the different jurisdictions will take the value of the properties.
"This is the first time that a homogeneous and equitable cadastre will be made in Argentina," said Teresa Iturre, Project and Technology Coordinator of the Provincial Secretariat.
Another crucial issue will be the agreement in which measure will bring the present value to the real, that is, the market value. "Take it to 25 or 30% is a reasonable north," explained the Government. They even decline to approach 50%.
Behind the real estate revaluation is also the kick of some provinces. Between Rivers and Buenos Aires, for example, they have the tax assessments of their buildings higher than other districts. When raising the values, their governors underwent the displeasure of their taxpayers, something that other leaders did not undergo.
The additional problem is that properties can pay Personal Assets, a national tax that is shared among all the provinces. Thus, a governor raised real estate more than other governors who did not want to pay the political cost to do so. And in addition, now proportionally provides more resources for the cake that should be shared with these other leaders.
The IDB has provided a $ 60 million loan to computerize the country-wide catastrophe-some districts have nothing to do with scanning, they are only handled with folders-, the use of sophisticated software, train personnel, hiring flights to fly areas to revalue, photos by satellite, among other expenses.
The absurdity of the current system of tax valuation is clear if the tax collection forms are reviewed. In the first half of 2018, La Rioja raised $ 108 million and $ 24 million in real estate taxes for automotive taxes. Not everyone in that province is in luxury cars. It is simply that the fiscal value of the buildings is on the ground.
The idea is also to give value to all tax lands. How much is it really worth, for example, the tax area is limited by Dead Cow?