WASHINGTON, November 6, 2018 / PRNewswire / – The power that will help NASA's nautical company of the ship beyond the Moon is the rest. The European service module that will boost, feed and cool during the Orion flight to the Moon in the Exploración-1 mission Germany in the agency Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Tuesday to begin the final installation, integration and testing with the crew module and other elements of Orion.
The service module is part of the human missions to the Moon and Mars. After Orion launches on the rocket of the Space Launch System of the agency, the service module will be responsible for the maneuver in space throughout the mission, including course fixes. The service module will also provide the powerful burns to insert Orion into lunar orbit and again to get out of the lunar orbit and return to Earth. It is provided by ESA (European Space Agency) and built by ESA's first Airbus contractor Bremen, Germany. The main NASA contractor for Orion, Lockheed Martin, built the crew module and other elements of the spacecraft.
"We have a solid foundation of cooperation with ESA through the International Space Station association, and the arrival of the service module means that our international collaboration also extends to our efforts to explore human life in the deep space," he said Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA's Associate Administrator for Exploration and Human Operations.
The European service module brings together new technologies and light materials, taking advantage of the proven hardware for space flight. It consists of more than 20,000 components, including four solar wings that provide enough electricity to power two three-room homes, as well as an orbital maneuver engine, a newly remodeled engine used previously for space shuttle orbit control. Starting with Exploration-2 Mission, the module will also provide air and water for astronauts flying within Orion, which will take people to destinations beyond what anyone has traveled before and safely returning them to Earth.
"Our teams worked incredibly difficult together to develop a service module that will make missions to the Moon and beyond a reality," he said Mark Kirasich, NASA's Orion Program Manager. "It is a great achievement of ESA and Airbus to complete the development work of the module and to have this important milestone behind us."
Now that the service module is in Kennedy, it will perform a series of tests and integration work before the Exploration Mission-1. Engineers will complete functional checks to ensure that all items work correctly before connecting to the Orion crew module. The equipment will weld lines of fluid to direct the gases and the fuel and will make electrical connections. The service module and the crew module will be coupled, and the combined ship will be sent to Plum Brook Station at the Glenn Research Center of NASA Ohio At the beginning of next year, where 60 days of continuous tests will be submitted to the world's largest thermal vacuum chamber to ensure that Orion can withstand the harsh environment of deep space. Once the tests have been completed, he will return to Kennedy to integrate with the SLS rocket in preparation for its launch.
NASA is leading the next steps to establish a permanent human presence on the Moon. The first of a series of increasingly complex missions, Exploration Mission-1 is a flight test of an Orion ship and a SLS bulletin that will not be unlocked from NASA's modernized space in Kennedy. The mission will send Orion 40,000 miles beyond the Moon and back and pave the road for future missions with astronauts. Together, NASA and its partners have built the necessary infrastructure to explore the Moon during the next decades and establish the bases for future missions on Mars.
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