11:57, November 12, 2018
By the end of the next decade, almost eleven million children under five worldwide are threatened with dying of viral or bacterial pneumonia, according to a study. This arises from an analysis by scientists at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, EE. U., the help organization Save the Children, published on World Anti-Pneumonia Day.
In developing countries
While in industrialized countries most of the elderly develop pneumonia, in developing countries they are mostly children. Only in 2016, more than 880,000 children, most of them under two, died of the disease, according to the study. Based on the previous figures, some countries in Africa and South Asia are likely to be among the most affected countries. For example, Nigeria and India contain 1.7 million deaths due to pneumonia in young children, 700,000 in Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
At the same time, the authors of the study emphasized that many deaths could be avoided with relatively simple measures. For example, better vaccination coverage, cheap antibiotics and good nutrition for children could save 4.1 million lives.
Despite the knowledge and resources
Chief of children's boss Kevin Watkins said it was incredible that "every year, almost one million children die of a disease that we have the knowledge and resources to conquer." For pneumonia there are no other dangerous diseases "without pink loops, peaks or global marches." "But for those who care about children's justice and their access to basic health care, this forgotten killer must be the defining concern of our age," Watkins said. Among other things, the prices of existing vaccines against bacterial pneumonia should be reduced "dramatically."
Even before malaria, diarrhea and measles
Every year more children around the world are dying of pneumonia than for malaria, diarrhea and measles. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 also include an "end to preventable deaths among children." In total, 125 serious pneumococcal infections were registered in Austria in 2005. In 2017, there were 545 in all age groups. In 2012, Austria included pneumococcal vaccination in the free vaccination child program. Use a vaccine that protects against more than ten types of bacteria. All adults over 50, as well as chronically ill, are generally recommended to take the vaccine. Currently, an action with discounted vaccines is through pharmacies.