Decades of urban planning of past decades are probably a factor that contributes to the rise of right-wing populism, discovered a study by Waterloo University.
The study analyzed urban planning and voting data from Post-World War II until 2010 outside of Toronto, Canada. He discovered that the development patterns that led to automobile dependence can also boost political attitudes that favor comfort and convenience and resist sustainable development.
"While planners were continuing to build suburbs, they created numerous new electoral routes and suburban voters who have previously voted for politicians and policies that cater to their lifestyles," said Pierre Filion. "This has resulted in a greater dependence on the car, less land dedicated to the public space and the continued cycle of building more suburbs.
"A careful look at the results of the recent midterm elections in the United States shows the clear ideological division between urban and suburban areas."
When analyzing the data, the researchers found that the increasing use of the car influenced strongly in the decisions of use of the territory and the options of style of life. The combination of automobile dependence and continued urban expansion normalized the economic and cultural norms associated with unsustainable suburban life.
It has also led many suburbans to resist calls to change that would affect them personally.
"It is understandable that people whose recreation and means of subsistence depend on cars, would be less willing to accept transformative changes that could have a disproportionate impact on their comfort and convenience," says Filion. "This contributes to the feeling of attacking their values and could explain some of the waves of populism on the right in North America.
"It's something we've seen in 2016, as well as the latest elections in Ontario, Canada."
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Materials provided by University of Waterloo. Note: the content can be edited by style and length.