Geneva.- Nine out of ten deaths from cancer of the cervix happen in low-income and middle-income countries, bringing life to almost 300,000 women each year, despite being one of the easiest types of cancer to prevent and cure, according to the World Organization of health (WHO).
As a prelude to World Cancer Day, on February 4, the organization renewed its call today to multiply efforts to reduce the number of deaths for this reason, most of which occur because the disease is detected at a very early stage. Advanced or because there is no access to appropriate treatments.
"It's time to eliminate cancer of the cervix as a public health problem," said Assistant Director of Family, Women, Children and Adolescents, Nothemba Simelela, at a press conference.
Of the 18.1 million new cases of cancer of all kinds that are declared annually, the cervix affects 570,000 women.
This disease causes 7.5% of the mortality of women affected by cancer in general, according to WHO figures.
A vaccine marketed in high income countries in the last decade and recommended for girls between 9 and 14 years old is the first essential step in the prevention of this type of cancer.
However, more than half of the world's countries have not yet incorporated it into their national immunization programs, acknowledged WHO's vaccine expert Paul Bloem.
The vaccine acts very effectively against human papillomavirus, which is mainly transmitted through sexual contact, so immunization must be carried out before the beginning of sexual life.
It is estimated that 70% of the young girls who receive this vaccine live in countries that do not offer it for free as part of their vaccination plans. EFE