PARIS, FRANCE.- Pneumonia will kill about 11 million children under 5 years old until 2030 if current trends continue, warned experts on Monday. World Day dedicated to this pulmonary infection.
Of a total of 10.8 million planned deaths, 1.7 million could be registered in only two countries, Nigeria and India, according to projections of the Johns Hopkins University of the United States and the NGO Save the Children.
700,000 children could die from this disease in Pakistan and 635,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. According to the World Health Organization, is the first infectious cause of mortality among children and causes 15% of deaths among children under 5 years of age.
WHO estimates that 922,000 children under 5 years old died of pneumonia in 2015 in the world.
This disease can be caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi.
"Prevention is possible thanks to vaccination, a nutritional state satisfactory and an improvement of environmental factors, "emphasizes WHO.
According to the study, 4.1 million children can be saved by applying these measures: increasing global vaccination coverage, ensuring access to antibiotics and improving the nutrition of children most exposed to this risk.
"It's amazing that almost one million children die every year due to a disease that, nevertheless, has the ability to overcome," he said. Kevin Watkins, responsible for Save the Children, claiming a drastic cut in vaccine prices.