Only in October, 56 cases of measles appeared in France. A resurgence of the disease that concerns the health authorities, because the measles is highly contagious and can be fatal.
Since the beginning of 2018, Europe experienced a measles outbreak, with more than 41,000 cases registered in the first half of the year. Seven countries are particularly vulnerable, including France. According to the director general of the Regional Health Agency of Aurélien Rousseau, interviewed by France Blue Paris On November 8, the country recorded only 56 cases in Île-de-France in October. And this, especially in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis.
A very contagious disease
The measles is a highly contagious viral infection. Responsible for fevers and skin rashes, their transmission is mainly by air after an infected person has come, coughs or sneezes. Each patient can contaminate between 15 and 20 people. In general, it is a benign pathology, but it can cause heavy respiratory complications (pneumopathies) and neurologies (meningoencephalitis). If there are medications to relieve the symptoms, there is none to cure it.
In Europe, the disease caused 37 deaths, including 3 deaths in France. Last July, a 17-year-old woman died in Bordeaux after a 26-year-old man and a 32-year-old mother. Because adults are also worried, says Aurélien Rousseau. The measles is not "Something that happens with childhood is a worrying, very contagious disease and, therefore, we must act"he said in the air.
11 mandatory vaccinations for children
In October, no severe deaths or forms were reported. However, eleven people were hospitalized, including those of four years who were not updated in their vaccinations. For the director of the Regional Health Agency, the best solution to solve the problem remains this vaccination, "This works, which is not dangerous. Today, not hesitating, it's risking your children, but also risking everyone around you".
Since January 1, 2018, the measles vaccine is one of the 11 mandatory vaccines for younger people. On the Vaccination Infos Service website, the indications are as follows: "All children should be vaccinated with two doses of measles vaccine between 12 and 18 months of age. In order to extend protection, anyone born in 1980 should also receive 2 doses of vaccine". Until the age of 17, it is thus reimbursed 100% for medical insurance. From the age of 18, it is reimbursed to 65% by the device, the rest of the amount generally reimbursed by the mutual funds.