Does the iPad eliminate the teacher? Games, learning and myopia become new problems
□ 佘 颖
A teacher is doing a good job, it's just a hurried lesson in a student's life, only to accompany them for a few years. Teachers need to find an assistant to awaken the true understanding of educational learning and to awaken the understanding of the latest technology.
When Apple invented the iPad and the iPhone, I fear that these square-sized gadgets will impact the teacher's career with thousands of years of history. Today's teachers have to compete with mobile phones to charge prices, compete with slogans online and learn how to use a variety of auxiliary applications. Recently, there was another task: to combat childhood myopia with the Internet.
Does the iPad eliminate the teacher? How should teachers teach the students that they will play iPad at an early age?
The profession of teachers will not die, but a teacher will be eliminated by the times.
Wang Yanming, professor of mathematics at the Second Affiliated School of Beijing Normal University, did not think about teaching high school mathematics for more than 20 years. One day, he would be forced to go online.
"I organized some questions and found that the students were looking for questions and homework with a small bent. They took a picture and scanned the answer." Wang Yanming was very upset. "In the past, I did not ask for a copy." Now, even with cell phones and iPads, some children still use it as a quick way to solve homework. Sometimes the answers to the application are still bad, and it is harder for students to correct after being deceived. "
As of this moment, Wang Yanming felt the challenge that brought the technology. "Technology is ahead of education. Students take the Internet to look for. The answer to the tasks is there. The professor is no longer the authority of knowledge." She is disconcerted that the students did not know the answer before, the teacher was just before the students. Knowing a bit will make the teacher look very wise, and the students will listen carefully to the analysis. But now the students already know the answer through the Internet. The teacher talks about it and what you already know. "What do you say?"
"One of the challenges brought on the Internet is that the teacher's authority is no longer taken for granted." Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Education Sciences, believes that in the past, teachers have the absolute right to speak. But now, children know more. The well-informed students and parents not only question the teacher's teaching level, but also have several controversies about the system of management and evaluation of existing education.
In short, the teacher still wants to use "fixed correspondence" and "this is the way" to deal with the students and it did not work.
Chu Zhaohui recalls that an EE university. UU. He had conducted a survey some time ago, what is called the future of what will die and one of the most unlikely to die is the professor. But he reminded everyone that the data were not paralyzed. "The profession of teachers will not die, but that does not mean that a teacher is not eliminated. When teachers can not follow time and can not follow information technology, they will be eliminated."
In the real work, Chu Zhaohui found that the knowledge of professors in China is very old. "80% of teachers can not study after being trained in college. How can these teachers follow changing times?"
The famous Khan Academy has an offline teacher interaction.
"Do we do the homework for the answer?" The result of Wang Yanming's thinking is: "When we all know this answer, my wisdom lies in the way of thinking that this answer is derived. This is what Internet can not happen to students." .
The next question that you face is how to improve your own way of thinking to students in the information age, transforming technology into your own help and not endurance.
The first thing Wang Yanming discovered was that an application called "Learning Middle School" could help the teacher ask questions. "Many people do not know that the mathematical problems are being updated and changed every year. The 10-year problem is definitely useless now and 5 years ago it was outdated." Wang Yanming used to stay in the past, clearly remembering the problem. The kind of question is particularly good, I want to bring it to practice, but I do not remember where I saw it.
But with a high school application, you just need to select the topics according to the teaching progress and add extravagant topics to the test document in the question bank, and it is as simple as adding the products to the shopping cart at the online mall. There are dozens of high level exams every year throughout the country. In three or five years, there are hundreds of roles. The number of questions and the number are still constantly updated, which is much faster than collecting questions for itself.
"When the MOOC appeared, some people said they did not need a teacher in the future. Students could learn online." However, Wang Yanming found that MOOC is an open-ended resource and that, in fact, everyone can learn, but in fact they can persist. Very few, even the famous Khan Academy had interactive tutoring. "This is especially true for the subjects of mathematics. Students must persist in their learning and growth and behind the persistence is the guidance of the professors."
Li Aihua, an English professor at Harbin 141 Middle School, also believes that technology is not a panacea, it can only be a cherry on the cake. "When I used the App Middle School together, I also did a lot of work offline. If students are forced to read the dictionary every day, they do not have permission to check with the phone. They should return to the article dictionary. Therefore, each A child of our class has a dictionary and a grammar book. The same is true for exercises. I have a part of the class. I use the high school application to select 10 questions and combine the exercises offline and online. " She concluded: "Now is the era of information. Our education must be diversified. Learning is not only from books, cell phones are not deviling, they make people mistaken, teachers should learn to guide children ".
From a more macro perspective, Jiang Yu, an assistant researcher at the Research Department of Central Electrochemical Education Center, is more familiar with the changes that large data bring to education. "In the original assessment system, a student who did not listen to the class or who loved to learn was just a feeling of the teacher." Jiang Yu said that with the data, you can see if the students are learning, what they have learned and the problems they have. Teaching behavior of the teacher, the questions of the students and the interaction of the teacher with the students can be recorded and used to analyze the teaching links. The data of the individual students can be used for a better personalized learning.
Internet and Big Data really provide teachers and students with personalized teaching tools. When you find out about it, both the teacher and the student will be much more attentive to the new technologies.
New questions: games, learning and myopia
In recent years, China has vigorously promoted educational computerization, primarily to address educational equity and promote educational balance through the Internet. But education equity will not be done naturally with the opening of the internet. Even if 100% coverage is met, all teaching resources are shared and the requirements for teachers are just too much.
"The characteristics and levels of students in each region are different. For example, the resources of the Beijing Normal University curriculum are very good, but it is apt for the cognitive level and the learning capacity of each child in our class." The school's teacher, Li Aihua, understood that by applying internet tools, the teacher's ability to process information and the ability to analyze specific problems will be more important. "Teachers' teaching literacy should also be improved".
The popularity of the Internet has also caused a new problem that nobody thought: juvenile myopia. On August 30 this year, the Ministry of Education and other eight departments issued the "Integrated Prevention and Control Program for children and adolescents with myopia" and proposed that students who are strictly prohibited from providing electronic products such as personal cell phones and computer Tablet and approach the school for unified custody. School education uses electronic products in a reasonable way according to the principle of demand. Teaching and design operations are not based on electronic products. In principle, the use of electronic products for teaching does not exceed 30% of the total teaching time.
This norm makes teachers have a bit of confusion. The use of electronic products is already a norm. It also has a significant effect on improving student performance. Is it necessary "a size for everyone" and is not sure. According to his own experience, Wang Yanming and Li Aihua have suggested that it is only an auxiliary tool, teaching software is still necessary.
Jiang Yu thinks it's not the teaching application tool itself, but the gamification trend in the tool. "There are many educational systems and platforms that hope to take advantage of some elements and mechanisms of the game, to encourage students to make feedback and establish inspection goals and hope to achieve a state of happy learning. This is just like some illustrations in our textbooks, the goal is to adjust This is fine. " Jiang Yu believes that, on the contrary, the key is to improve the informative literacy of students and teach them how to control the time of use. A teacher is doing a good job, it's just a hurried lesson in a student's life, only to accompany them for a few years. Teachers need to find an assistant to awaken the true understanding of educational learning and to awaken the perception of the latest technology.