Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – A number of nutrition experts emphasize that so far there is no scientific evidence that sweetened condensed milk (SKM) causes various diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Several non-transmissible diseases are usually caused by many factors.
Go Achmad Syafiq MSc. The doctorate of the Center for Nutrition and Health Studies of the University of Indonesia explained that convincing evidence about the factors triggering the risk of obesity is low physical activity, low fiber intake and high daily intake of energy. "It's not a type of food," said Syafiq to journalists in Jakarta on Thursday (11/8).
Several research results show that obesity in children at school age is not due to the consumption of risky foods (sugar, salt, fat, preservatives), but lack of physical activity. Basic health research (Riskesdas) 2018 noted that, based on the blood sugar test, diabetes mellitus increased from 6.9% to 8.5%. This increase in prevalence is related to lifestyle, including smoking, consumption of alcoholic beverages, physical activity and consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Researchers from the Observer Foundation for Public Health (YPKP) Dr. drg. Amaliya said the government's efforts to overcome various problems of malnutrition in Indonesia should be appreciated. Riskesdas 2018 showed improvement in the nutritional status of children in Indonesia. The proportion of very short and short nutritional status decreased from 37.2% (Riskesdas 2013) to 30.8%. In the same way, the proportion of malnutrition and malnutrition decreased by 19.6% (Riskesdas 2013) to 17.7%.
According to him, it is very important that all stakeholders come together and work together to overcome nutritional problems in Indonesia. One of them is increasing the consumption of milk in daily life. Milk and processed products contain proteins, fats and vitamins that are necessary to support the development of a person at each stage of life. However, the consumption of milk in Indonesia is still very low. The Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) notes that Indonesian milk consumption in 2017 is only 16.5 liters per capita / year, very low compared to other ASEAN countries according to data from USDA's USD 2016 Foreign Agricultural Service, such as Malaysia (50.9 liters), Thailand (33, 7 liters) and Philippines (22.1 liters).
So far, one of the main reasons for milk consumption in the community is the condensed milk candy. However, the opinions of some parts about sweetened condensed milk, especially with regard to the sugar and milk content, are still inaccurate, causing controversy. To rectify the differences of opinion, the Head of the Food and Drugs Supervisory Agency (BPOM) issued a Regulation (Perka) number 31 of 2018 on labels of processed products. This regulation requires the label for sweetened condensed milk that includes information "Pay attention! Do not substitute breast milk; It is not suitable for babies up to 12 months of age, and can not be used as the sole source of nutrition."
The 31/2018 standard also affords sweetened condensed milk as a dairy product, in accordance with Regulation BPOM Head 21 of 2016 on the category of foods. "In the regulation, it is concluded that sweetened condensed milk is milk and its consumption needs to pay attention to BPOM standards," said Amaliya.
Director of Food Processing Register of BPOM Anisyah, S.Si., Apt., M.P. Hopefully the issue of Perka BPOM 31/2018 will answer several questions from the community. According to Perka, sweetened condensed milk is a dairy product that can be consumed to improve the nutrition of the Indonesian people. However, like other processed foods, sweetened condensed milk can not be the only source of nutrition. Therefore, all processed foods must be accompanied by other sources of nutrition to be more balanced.
"We, as part of the Government, have a role and responsibility to ensure the effectiveness of the National Food Control Systems, one of which is through supervision, in this case the evaluation and verification of the food safety system applied by the industry," said Anisyah.