The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported in October this year's epidemiological follow-up report of 13,547 cases of measles registered between 12 months from 1 September last year and 31 August this year by 28 from the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EE.).
In cases of measles in the last 12 months, all EU and EEA countries were informed. The most frequent reported by Greece is 3171, followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this period, there were also 38 cases of death related to measles registered in the Member States, Air added.
In Latvia, 65 cases of measles suspected were reported to SPKC during this period, but the diagnosis of "measles" was approved in 23 cases since December 18 last year, including six children.
Arah noted that none of the sick children had been vaccinated against measles, but four of them did not reach the age of vaccination. In three cases, children are infected with bites during a trip. In total, nine infections are likely to occur outside of Latvia, including two foreign residents.
As the representative of the SPKC points out, measles outbreaks are associated with a decrease in vaccination coverage.
"Science and practice have shown that to avoid measles outbreaks, at least 95% of the population should be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine," explained Arja.
She recalled that measles is an extremely contagious disease because measles virus is transmitted easily between susceptible individuals through air droplets and direct contact. The larvae peep through air droplets and also by direct contact. Charging can be a very serious illness, as with severe complications, especially for children under five, adults over 20 years of age, those with immunodeficiency and pregnant women.
The SPCC emphasized that the only effective protection against measles is vaccination that is safe and effective. A vaccine combined against measles, rubella and epidemic mumps (MPR) is used for vaccination. Maximum protection requires two doses of vaccine. Consequently, in Latvia and in other countries, the vaccination calendar for children provides two MPRs. The first child gets a child at the age of 12-15 months, but a strengthening in Latvia is made at seven years.
According Arga, with special risks of infection, for example, when planning a trip with a baby to a country affected by measles and after contact with a patient with measles, it is recommended that the first battery be carried out before reaching the age specified in the calendar of Vaccination, that is, from the age of six. However, at 12-15 months of age, pots should be repeated and vaccines must be made in accordance with the vaccination calendar – seven years of age.
SPKC epidemiologists evaluate vaccination against measles in children in a comparative way, and so for years in Latvia, there has been no case of measles.
At the same time, the SPCC encourages parents to reassess the child's state of vaccination, especially when traveling on an international trip.
The analysis of the SPCC immunization data shows that this year, from January to June, vaccination against measles, rubella and epidemic mumps increased compared to the corresponding period in 2017. In total, in the first half of this year, 98, 1% of the children received the first MPR bottles and 89.5% of the children received the second.