Wednesday , October 20 2021

For the first time, I managed to observe how the black hole absorbs the matter


Behavior of substances near a black hole. The concentric circles shown in the image are around a black hole that rotates the gas.

Behavior of substances near a black hole. The concentric circles shown in the image are around a black hole that rotates the gas.

Photo: European Southern Observatory

A mysterious and interesting message that appeared simultaneously with Halloween. Specifically, scientists came up with a statement that they first saw how the black hole absorb the matter. On the other hand, this is not a common black hole, but is located in our galactic, called Milky Way, in the middle. In addition, the solar system (and, therefore, each of us), similar to the trace of the game, is in a slow rotation around the galactic axis centered in the middle of the black hole.

For the first time, the existence of black holes has already been proved in theory in 1915.

This was done by the German physicist Karl Schwarzschild in an analysis of the generally published general equation theory of relativity Albert Einstein. Of them it follows that the material can squeeze so strongly that heavier bodies are formed with enormous density. So much so that his gravitational field can not overcome even light.

Now we understand that some stars begin to shrink after the end of the nuclear reactions, "fall in their way" and finally create a black hole. The characteristics of the black hole are the most fantastic hypotheses (which are not completely unfounded) that can give the opportunity to travel in space and time that hide the door to other universes. A mysterious phenomenon that inspired innumerable novels and science fiction films.

Physicists also realized that it is not possible to see black holes directly, we can only see indirect evidence. For example, atypical abnormalities of gravity. Now, at last, astronomers at the Observatory of Southern Europe in the Atakam desert in Chile have managed to observe and capture spiral gaseous structures that rotate around a circle at a huge speed of approximately 100,000 kilometers per second and suddenly disappear literally anywhere.

Everyone agrees that it is nothing more than a variety of black holes that absorb matter. The image is quite similar to what we see by jumping the water in the bathtub: the water from the whirlpool disappears into the sewer pipe. The eyes on the invisible infrared spectrum were observed, therefore, for reasons of publicity, the photographs are artificially colored.

Question: what will happen to us? If he is not with us, then with our Sun. Nothing good, it will eventually disappear in the black hole. But there are two good news. In one of his recent work, British physicist Steven Hawking, who has just died, has shown that,

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Due to the regularities of quantum physics, black holes evaporate slowly.

It's not as quick as they suck on the matter, but still.

The second good news is that our solar system is located on the outskirts of the galaxy, with its center and a dangerous black hole that separates us from 26,000 light years. It's a great distance – 246 times 10 with fifteen zeros per kilometer. Therefore, we can be calm for now. In fact, sometimes it is better to live in a province than a metropolis.

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