To prevent flu, you should first protect yourself from the wrong ideas about this contagious viral infection, which in humans every day in cold months deprives people not only of their ability to work, but also of life. Uga Dumpis, a specialist in infectious diseases at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common myths about influenza.
Myth not 1 "Not to infect a flu, enough immunity is enough"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses, no matter how strong or weak the general immunity is. It is important to have specific immunity against influenza influenza virus after the vaccination of the flu vaccine or after vaccination. A new flu virus, still called a pandemic, seems to be affecting many more people, "says Dumpis.
"If someone thinks: do not get sick of the flu, because I take vitamins and an athlete, then I should know that it does not work." Deaths or non-immature diseases are most affected by specific immunity and human genetic characteristics and the risk of disease increases by stress, fatigue, indigestion, unbalanced diet, overheating and cooling. On the other hand, the severity of the flu is determined by several factors, including the response of the body.
"There are cases where, due to strong immunity, the organism is" very active "to respond to influenza viruses and inflammatory processes produce more pronounced flu symptoms, which means that the disease is more serious. But usually in these cases, Thanks to strong immunity, the patient heals successfully, "explains Dumpis.
Mito no 2 "The flu vaccine can be harmful to health"
Such a statement has no evidence and can not be scientific, on the contrary, studies have proven to be a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination can cause transient reactions: fever, swelling and pain in the site of a stitch that lasts for up to two days.
Consequently, one can say convincingly that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of the flu. "Compare both to compare the price of the vaccine with the treatment costs and taking into account other personal economic losses associated with the disease, such as the use of a sick leave page. Every year people in Latvia die who were able to protect the vaccine" , by Dumpis.
Mito no 3 "The pregnant flu vaccine is particularly dangerous"
Absolutely the opposite! Pregnant women are at a high risk and the vaccine is especially recommended for them, and the state compensates for the cost of buying a flu shot in 50% for pregnant women.
"Flu is particularly dangerous for pregnant women due to the high temperature that affects the fetus, which negatively affects the development of the fetus and endangers the benefits of pregnancy. It has been found that pregnant women can be vaccinated during any pregnancy period and this does not affects the newborn.
Instead, the baby receives the necessary proteins from the vaccinated mother. Doctors who have been treated with a resuscitation department of pregnant women infected by the flu will never want to find these cases again in their practice. It is terrible if a pregnant woman needs a caesarean section because of the flu due to a resuscitation. "Dumpis says influenza-induced effects.
Mito no 4 "It does not make sense to get vaccinated, because one does not know what a flu virus will be this year"
Flu viruses are very variable, so every year, in preparation for the new flu season, it is examined that viral variants were more common in the previous season in different regions of the world and what changes have occurred in the structure of these viruses. Depending on it, the World Health Organization makes recommendations for the composition of the vaccine for the next season for the northern and southern hemispheres, respectively.
Sometimes a person who has been vaccinated against the flu can still be infected with the flu, especially if you are an elderly person or a person with impaired immunity.
Although the flu vaccine can not be protected from the disease in all cases, it reduces the need for hospitalization of a patient with complications and deaths related to the flu and this is the most effective preventative measure.
Myth 5: "Flu can only be infected once a year"
It is more likely that people are infected with the most frequent or dominant flu virus in the period and territory in question. After the flu vaccine, a person becomes immune to the flu virus. Since the flu season lasts from November to May and during the season there is a series of different flu viruses, there may be a recurrence of the flu, especially for a non-vaccinated human being, since the vaccine person is protected by at least three or four of the most common flu viruses.
As a general rule, the flu epidemic begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools in places where they "exchange viruses" after the holidays, and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
Mito no 6 "A person becomes infected after the symptoms of influenza are first manifested"
No: a person infected by a flu scans the virus a day before it begins to feel the signs of the disease: fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be remembered that the infection is also distributed to seemingly healthy people or people with easy symptoms because they continue to attend educational institutions, work and other public places.
The virus is expected in the form of small drops, the infected kidney, cough and even talking, or by contact: shaking or touching household items. The infection can be very simple, for example, touching the handle of the door and loosening the nose or mouth with impure hands. When it reaches the respiratory tract, the virus breaks quickly, and after a few days or even several hours, a person feels suddenly. To reduce the spread of the infection, it is often necessary to wash your hands, clean rooms and, as far as possible, avoid visiting public places, especially during the flu epidemic.
The material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in the public awareness campaign "Do not let the flu catch you!". The goal of the campaign is to promote vaccination against the flu of the population and to publicize the importance of vaccination, especially in populations with a high risk of influenza-related complications.