The Panevėžys Department of the National Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health informs that on November 18, the European Antibiotics Day is celebrated every year in Lithuania and throughout Europe. Today's goal is to remind public health professionals and the general public of the threats posed by public health to antibiotics, bacteria resistant to antibiotics and to develop the correct use of antibiotics.
How does antibiotic resistance develop?
Bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics when specific antibiotics lose the ability to kill bacteria or stop their growth. Some bacteria are naturally resistant to certain antibiotics (natural or natural resistance). Worse, if any of the bacteria that are usually exposed to the effects of antibiotics, become resistant due to genetic changes (acquired resistance). Resistant bacteria survive an antibiotic and continue to multiply, avoiding the disease or even causing death. Infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria may require more caution and alternative and more expensive antibiotics, which may also have a more harmful side effect.
Self-curable antibiotics: use of irresponsible antibiotics
Antibiotics do not help fight virus infections, such as colds or flu. Antibiotics do not reduce fever and do not include symptoms such as sneezing or nose. Up to 80% of the colds are viral, so do not improve with antibiotics. They effectively fight only bacterial infections. Using antibiotics incorrectly, bacteria only become resistant to antibiotic treatment. Therefore, if you need antibiotics in the future, they can be ineffective.
Antibiotics should only be prescribed by your doctor
Many colds can cause the same symptoms, but their treatment may vary. If you have received antibiotics before and you have recovered completely, if you have similar symptoms, you want to take the prescribed antibiotic again. However, the doctor you have just examined may determine if antibiotics are necessary to reduce the current symptoms.
How can you contribute to the proper use of antibiotics?
- Never accumulate antibiotics for further treatment. If you have received more antibiotics (such as tablets, capsules) than you received, ask your pharmacist what to do with the rest of the medication.
- Never try to buy antibiotics without a prescription.
- In no case should you use antibiotics left out of pre-treatment.
- Never share the residues of antibiotics with other people.
Flu vaccines and pneumococcal infections will help prevent the unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics are indicated for the development of a complicated bacterial strain of influenza. Bacterial pneumonia is the most frequent complication of the flu, which causes the patient to be hospitalized.
Vaccination with influenza and pneumococcal vaccines, especially for risk groups, aims to protect humans from the flu and their bacterial complications, avoiding and not necessarily antibiotics.
Of the flu and pneumococcal infection, more and more people were vaccinated in the Panevezys region
In Panevėžys, more and more people are vaccinated every year with publicly compensated influenza vaccines: 2015. 9, 714 people were vaccinated in 2016 – 10 454, 2017 – already 11 885 people. There is also an increase in the number of vaccines for pneumococcal vaccine for people at risk, infants and others: by 2015, vaccinated at 1 906, 2016 – 2 367, 2017 – 2,194 people.