In the United Kingdom, drug-resistant gonorrhea is spreading, according to the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the report, drug-resistant gonorrhea was diagnosed with two UK residents, one of whom had a random sexual relationship with a partner on the Spanish island of Ibiza and the other had a random sexual relationship with a partner who visited Ibiza.
In both cases, the resistance of gonorrhea to antibiotics used in first-line gonorrhea and other antimicrobials has been established. The clarification of these cases raised concerns about responsible UK services and an incident management team was established to coordinate new investigations and communications and seek to identify people of second contact and avoid the spread of gonorrhea.
There is no information about drug-resistant gonorrhea registered in Lithuania. Lithuania is one of the few countries that does not participate in the European program to monitor the susceptibility of gonococcus to antimicrobials, so the data are not collected at the national level. According to the Center for Communicable Diseases and Aids (ULAC), the country has experienced a downward trend during the last decade (from 12.4 in 2009 to 2.6 in ./100 in 2018).
The ULAC remembers that gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium N. Gonorrhea, which is transmitted through sex relationships of all kinds (oral, vaginal, anal). According to her, the causative agent of gonorrhea, depending on how a person is infected, breaks the urethra, cervix, rectum, throat or conjunctiva.
In the case of gonorrhea, the symptoms do not appear immediately, but 2-7 days after infection. Women have mild symptoms of infection or most women feel bad. The most common signs in women increase and alter vaginal secretions, painful urination, bleeding between menstruation. Meanwhile, men with gonorrhea have common symptoms and appear to be from nine to ten. Typical symptoms in men: purulent discharge of the urethra, burning sensation, pain in urination.
By spreading the infection it can cause testicular or prostate inflammation in men, low pelvic inflammation in women, and infection can spread to the skin or joints. Untreated gonorrhea causes sexual and reproductive health problems, complications of infertility, ectopic pregnancy (beyond the uterus).
To reduce global resistance to antimicrobial drugs, it is very important not to practice self medication and seek medical attention in time. The treatment for sexually transmitted infections is prescribed by a gynecologist, urologist or dermatovenerologist. It is not necessary to refer a physician to the family doctor. A person who was injured by a gonorrhea may become infected again.
The most reliable way to prevent sexually transmitted infections (including gonorrhea) is to refrain from sexual intercourse or have mutually long-term sex intercourse with someone who knows that you are not infected with sexually transmitted infection. The constant and regular use of condoms during intercourse reduces the risk of infection.