Contact sports, such as football and wrestling, cause minor injuries, while the most aggressive occur during a motor vehicle accident.
Car accidents and others where there is a strong collision, as well as sudden sports and sudden movements, are the main cause of serious injuries in the arms
Mexico, (Notimex) .- Traffic accidents and others where there is a strong collision, as well as sudden sports and abrupt movements, are the main cause of serious injuries in the brachial plexus, which causes severe pain and immobility to those who suffer.
The brachial plexus is a network that involves five major nerves that originate in the spinal cord and cross the shoulder, arm and hand.
These nerves control all the sensory and motor functions of the arm, so that when one of them breaks from the root, besides causing moderate to severe pain, it can lead to the total incapacity to move or not feel anything on the arm. , the shoulder or the hand that controls that nerve.
Symptoms depend on the severity of the lesion, but they are usually a burning sensation that lowers the arm, weakness, numbness and inability to use certain muscles.
The damage usually occurs when the head and neck rotate in one direction and on the shoulder, on the other hand, it is bound to do it in the opposite direction, said Alexander Shin, specialist in orthopedic surgery and trauma at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. .
Contact sports, such as soccer and free wrestling, cause minor injuries, while the most aggressive occur during an automobile accident such as cars and motorcycles.
When the damage is mild or moderate, the treatment is with medications and physiological therapies that help restore the mobility of the shoulder, arm or hand, as the case may be.
When the nerves extend to the point where some nerve fibers break down, the nervous tears in different parts or separate from the spinal cord, then the surgery is necessary to repair the injury.
If the nerve of the brachial plexus is affected elsewhere, the surgery involves removing the wrong part and replacing it with another piece of nerve taken from another part of the body. This is called a nervous graft.
When the nerve is completely separated from the spinal cord without leaving nerve fibers, for the moment, there is no way to repair it surgically, but the treatment can help restore functionality.
This could involve the transfer of the function of less important nerves to the damaged nerves that have more important functions, explained the specialist.
It is recommended that brachial plexus surgery be performed within six months after the accident, since interventions performed after that period have lower success rates.