If the tendency continues, the number of children under the age of five with type 1 diabetes will be doubled. The causes may be deficient in vitamin D and houses too clean.
Type 1 diabetes is the diabetes variant, which is not caused by obesity. In Europe, the number of children under 15 years of age who develop autoimmune diseases annually increases 3.9 percent. Especially the increase of the disease in very young children is remarkable. Between 2005 and 2020 the number of children under five years old with the condition will be doubled.
The cause is not entirely clear. There is a genetic component, but environmental factors also play a role. Since the disease is most common in northern Europe, vitamin D deficiency could be a cause. After all, this vitamin is created by the sun. Another explanation is that our houses are very clean. Because children do not have enough contact with germs, their immune system reacts differently, so that the body can attack its own cells.