O Human Papillomavirus (HPV) It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and can affect the genital area (vulva, vagina, penis and anus), mouth and throat. In spite of that, it is easy to prevent because there is a vaccine that can be applied in children 9 years of age or older.
Like many other diseases, there are myths and taboos that often confuse the population. Therefore, the anti-cancer League specialists resolve the most frequent doubts related to this virus.
1. Only women can get HPV
FALSE. Men can also suffer from the virus. It is estimated that most men and women with active sex lives will have this infection at some point in their lives.
2. Only women can be vaccinated against HPV
FALSE. It is recommended to vaccinate children 9 to 14 years old by applying 2 doses with a period of 6 months. In women and men 15 years of age or older, 3 doses are applied, the second after 2 months of the first and third dose applied after 4 months of the second dose.
3. There is only one type of HPV
FALSE There are more than 100 types, of which strains 16 and 18 are considered high risk, which are also responsible for 70% of cases of cervical cancer, the leading cause of death of this disease in Peruvian women. Similarly, these strains can cause vulvar, anal and vaginal cancer. Meanwhile, strains 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts.
4. The vaccine against HPV advances the onset of sexual activity
FALSE. The vaccine protects girls against HPV. The onset of sex life will depend on the education and information you receive from your parents, school, and community.
5. Having HPV means having cancer
FALSE Having HPV does not mean having cancer. This is because not all strains of the virus are carcinogens.
6. HPV presents symptoms
FALSE. Most people infected with this virus have no symptoms. Those affected do not always have health problems. The only manifestations of HPV (which are not always present) are genital warts and some cancers.
The Ministry of Health has requested, free of charge, the vaccine against Human Papillomavirus for the 5th girls. Primary school degree in public or private schools, whose parents must sign the "CONSCIOUS INFORMATION" that authorizes them to be immunized or between 9 and 13 years if they apply to a Health Center.
Parents who want to vaccinate their daughters or children, who are not in the free vaccination group, can get closer to the Vaccination Centers and private clinics.