Sunday , January 24 2021

"Family and diabetes – Protect your family – Know diabetes"



On November 14, World Diabetes Day is celebrated. The USF Locomotive, together with the support of the Entroncamento Council and the Gustave Eiffel Professional School, join this worldwide awareness campaign.

DIABETES is a chronic disease, that is, for the rest of life, which is manifested by high levels of blood sugar. Poorly controlled diabetes can cause serious complications.

The 2018 World Diabetes Day campaign will focus on the theme "Family and Diabetes – Protecting Your Family – Knowing Diabetes" and is dedicated to involving the entire family in the control and management of diseases. Family support is the key to success.

The objective is to promote the importance of immediate action to protect the health and well-being of future generations and achieve significant results for people with or at risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes in numbers:

• 425 million adults (1 out of every 11 years) have Diabetes and are estimated to increase 522 million by 2030.

• They continue to diagnose 1 in 2 people with diabetes (212 million).

• Diabetes caused 4 million deaths in 2017.

• More than 1 million children and adolescents have type 1 diabetes.

• 1 in 6 pregnant women have high levels of blood sugar.

• About 2/3 of people with diabetes are of active age (327 million).

• The global health expenditure for diabetes in 2017 was higher than the defense budget of China and the United States together!

• 3 in 4 people with diabetes live in low-income and middle-income countries.

In Portugal, according to the national diabetes observatory (2017), 1,065,000 people (20-79 years old) diagnosed diabetes – 13.9% of the population. However, 1,139,000 people (14.8%) have already reduced tolerance to diabetes (the so-called "pre-diabetes"). It is estimated that these figures increase over the years, predicting that by 2045, 16.5% of the population will be diabetic and 17% will suffer from pre-diabetes.

However, about 464.3 cases per 1000 inhabitants are diagnosed.

In 2017, diabetes was responsible for the death of 39.4% of Portuguese under 60 years of age.

It is urgent to act, since 80% of cases of type 2 diabetes can be avoided, adopting healthy behaviors: physical exercise, healthy eating and maintaining normal weight.

When the whole family has a healthy diet and exercise, it promotes the healthy behaviors of all its members, benefiting from a low risk of developing diabetes (70% of premature deaths in adulthood result from teenage behavior).

Knowing the disease (signs of alert, risks, treatment …) participate actively in the prevention of associated complications.

The diagnosis and early treatment of diabetes allows the prevention of associated complications: heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, amputations and sexual impotence.

Locomotive USF focuses on primary prevention, early treatment and the effective management of your family's illness as an effective approach to control non-communicable diseases while avoiding the promotion of healthy lifestyle behaviors. Being sensitive to this problem, join the cause celebrating the day in order to reach as many families as possible.

At the USF Locomotive, 1067 people with diabetes were identified: 1022 with DM type 2 (543 men and 479 women) and 45 with DM type 1 (23 men and 22 women), in a universe of 14431 registered (6833 men and 7598 women).

Knowing that you still have to diagnose 1 in 2 people, it is essential that the whole family knows the risk factors and warning signs. Therefore, if you have any of these symptoms:

• Lack of energy

• Intense headquarters

• Unexplained weight loss

• Urinating more than usual

… you should see your family doctor or the family nurse.

Avoiding is the slogan: have a healthy diet and go hiking, biking, swimming or dancing. The important thing is to move you! Do it as a family, because together we fight diabetes better.

To commemorate World Diabetes Day, USF Locomotive, with the support of the Entroncamento Council and the Gustave Eiffel Professional School, will promote two activities aimed at promoting physical exercise in the family and the fight against diabetes:

• "Night Runners": a race / path that will take place on Wednesday November 14, leaving the Municipal Sports Pavilion of Entroncamento at 8:00 p.m. At the end of the race, a small questionnaire will be given so that the participants can evaluate the "Diabetes Risk".

• "Traditional family games": a fun initiative for children, parents and grandparents, whose objective is to promote physical activity as a family, remembering the traditional games that once fun for children and adults. This will take place on Saturday, November 17 at 10:00 p.m. at the Municipal Sports Hall of Entroncamento. During the morning we can also count on the distribution of "Healthy snacks" prepared with all the dedication and dedication of the students of the Professional School Gustave Eiffel.

Come and bring it to the family. We have your presence!

Authors:

Helena Souto e Santos (of the 1st specific Training course on General and Family Medicine – Locomotive USF)

Ana Isabel Arraiolos (Intendant of the 3rd Year of Specific Training for General and Family Medicine – Locomotive USF)


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