MOSCOW, November 12. / Corr. TASS Olga Svistunova. One of the most authoritative theater schools in Russia, the legendary Moscow School of Art Theater, will celebrate its 75th anniversary on Monday with a great skit on the main stage of the Moscow Theater named by A.P. Chekhov. Graduates from Moscow School-Studio and Theaters will talk in congratulations on the anniversary party, the TASS, Maria Malkina, a press aggregate of the Moscow Art Theater.
"The tickets for the night were not sold, because there will be only special guests," said the agency's spokesman, adding that he was offered a crazy sold-out for this festive event. "This is not surprising: after all, the School of Theater of Art of Moscow has presented and continues to donate talented graduates to all the metropolitan theater companies. And it is precisely to many" Mkhatovs "of different years, both the generation more old as today's students who will sit in the room and act on the stage. " Malkin explained.
According to her, the total number of graduates of the School of Theater of Art of Moscow is of more than three thousand people. "This is a solid figure. However, Anatoly Mironovich Smelyansky can tell the best about the history of the university and his present. Historian theater and theater historian, he was the fifth rector of the School of Studies, which he conducted between 2000 and 2013 and He was also elected to direct the joint postgraduate program created by the Moscow Art Theater School and the American Repertory Theater at Harvard University, "said the press director of the Moscow Art Theater, noting that" for the history of Smilyansk, the Moscow Art Theater School is your own biography. "
History in faces
"It all started with the fact that during the war, and specifically: on March 21, 1943, Nemirovich-Danchenko gathered people close and asked them what the school we needed. He pointed out that this school should not teach what they can even the best artists of the Art Theater, this school will train the actors of the future, "said Smelyansky in an interview with TASS – On April 25, Nemirovich-Danchenko died, and on April 26 the Council of People's Commissars decided to perpetuate his memory, and in the Decree there was a clause on the creation of the School-Studio of its name in the Theater of Art. "
The first competitive set was held in the summer of 1943, the students of the glorified theater group's luminaries – Ivan Moskvin, Olga Knipper-Chekhova, Vasily Kachalov, were examined by students, which feature Smilaansky. The basis of teaching performance has become the Stanislavsky system, designed to bring the actor an acute sense of life on the scene. "Simultaneously with the course of the performance in 1943, the faculty of staging was organized (now the faculty of joint design and theatrical technology)," said Smelyansky.
He clarified that the first two or three decades included direct students of Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko as teachers at School-Studio. These are Vasily Toporkov, Viktor Stanitsyn, Vasily Kachalov, Olga Knipper-Chekhova, Nikolai Khmelev, Pavel Massalsky, Alexey Gribov, Angelina Stepanova, Sofia Pilyavskaya. Andrei Sinyavsky, Roman Kozak, Lives Silyunas, Lev Durov, Konstantin Raikin, Alla Pokrovskaya, Marina and Dmitry Brusnikiny, Viktor Ryzhakov were among the professors of different years at school. The chair of plastic actor is directed by Alla Sigalova, and plastic performances take place here every year.
Smelyansky recalled that the first rector was the director and theatrical critic Vasily Sakhnovsky. "The second rector was the mythical Veniamin Radomyshlensky. He had a military past and since then, every first September, student students repeat their ritual at the beginning of the school year: the shout" Go to the horses! "He told Smilyansky. Oleg Tabakov went to school and when Oleg Pavlovich headed the Art Theater, I, the fifth Rector, sat in his place. Now the sixth Rector of the School is Honorary Artist of the Russian Federation, Igor Zolotovitsky.
Smelyansky especially called for the development of the tradition, bequeathed by great Stanislavsky, who believed that the chain had to be observed at all times: school-studio-theater. Thus, a graduate of 1949, Oleg Efremov created the Sovremennik Theater, which was based on the graduation course of the 1956 Moscow Theater School of Art. Oleg Tabakov, graduated in 1957, founded his own theater where his students worked , also titled at the Moscow School of Art Theater Vladimir Mashkov, Yevgeny Mironov, Sergey Bezrukov. At the beginning of 2010, Kirill Serebrennikov's course became the base of the Gogol Center group, then the workshop of Dmitry Brusnikin and the Workshop of Viktor Ryzhakov were called today called Julyansambl, Smelyansky.
He also recalled that for over 25 years a Russian-American student exchange program has been working at the Moscow School of Art Theater. Every year, several landings of US universities come to Moscow to study the Stanislavsky system. The school is especially proud of its contacts with Harvard; In the summer, Russian teachers stop working in the United States and every spring a performance in English is performed on the training scene in Moscow – a joint idea of Russian-American. The School of Theater of Art of Moscow also constantly exchanges students with schools in Hungary, Czech Republic, Lebanon and other countries.
"In summary, today, on the evening of the anniversary of Moscow's Art Theater School, Moscow theater is not only expected but also followers of the Stanislavsky system from other countries, in general, all" Mkhatovtsy "visit us," said Smelyansky.
"Everyone" Mkhatovtsy "in a visit to us"
"We are really waiting for a large number of guests," confirmed Tasso Igor Zolotovitsky, rector of Moscow's Art Theater School. – Many more surely will have an offense to me that they have not fallen in the number of guests. But the Chekhov Theater's Main Theater Hall of Moscow is designed for only 890 seats, while many Moscow theaters have a large number of graduates from our School that have the right to participate in the celebration, but then it would be necessary to meet at the stadium. "
According to Zolotovitsky, representatives of the Pushkin Theater, Satyricon, Sovremennik, Gogol Center, the workshop of Dmitry Brusnikin will arrive at night. "These teams are made up of an 80% graduate formed by School-Studio," said the rector. And, of course, there will be many Mkhatovs, "he added.
"First of all, I want to say about the honored artist of the RSFSR, Margarita Anastasieva, who has a student identification card from the Moscow Arts School of Art. This ticket was issued to Margarita Viktorovna according to the alphabet. Her name began with the letter" A "and 75 years ago in the first set of the School the studio issued a ticket under the first issue. Now it is 93 years old, and it is the only one that lives in the first number of 1947. Thanks to God, she is in good shape and Even you will perform tonight, "said Zolotovitsky.
He said that the program according to tradition will be built in the genre of "skit", which is famous for the Moscow Art Theater. "But the anniversary will be sad. This year, Oleg Pavlovich Tabakov died, Dima Brusnikin died prematurely. We can only remember them," said Zolotovitsky.
"But there will be something fun, congratulatory," said the rector of Moscow's Art Theater School. "I am very worried, but I hope everything is going well. Channel One will be shooting at night," he concluded.