BRATISLAVA, November 13, 2018 (WBN / PR) – Children, adults, pregnant women, travelers, people with a higher risk of infection and professionals who face infectious diseases – need vaccination to protect their health and life. If population protection due to vaccination fails, there are epidemics – as was the recent epidemic of mosquitoes in eastern Slovakia in May 2018. It is evidence that the fall of the vaccine would cause a serious and badly considered threat to public health, the disease unnecessary and death
At the beginning of the 20th century, the greatest threats to health were infectious and parasitic diseases, which required the majority of the lives of children and children. Since the introduction of the vaccination, life expectancy has increased between 15 and 25 years. If life expectancy is expected and evidence suggests that it has significantly contributed to controlling the disease due to vaccination. Vaccination today can prevent infectious diseases and on the horizon there are new vaccines that can prevent other infectious diseases. Mass vaccination programs have proven to be successful in controlling or even eliminating the disease. History shows that reducing the coverage of the vaccine opens the path to a recurrence of the disease in a population that has already been protected. With stable and elevated inoculum coverage, the disease subsists and some may be completely extinct. Despite the undisputed success of vaccination efforts, 1.5 million people die annually for diseases that can be hurt by vaccination. According to WHO, vaccines will be the most important tool to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated permanently to the flu pandemics. Every year, approximately 3.5 million people are infected with influenza, which accounts for up to 650,000 deaths. In 1990, transmissible diseases accounted for 33% of all deaths, only 25% in 2010.
In addition to avoiding death and suffering, vaccinations are one of the most profitable healthcare investments. Vaccination has considerably reduced the economic burden of the company with infectious diseases. In addition to protecting lives and reducing the disability, vaccination can also alleviate pressure on health systems, because it is less frequent visits to doctors and hospitalizations; and also reduce the downtime and the cost of loss productivity caused by various diseases. Vaccination can help prevent transmissible infectious diseases. It prevents them from being transferred between people and expanding in the population. Some people can not be protected by vaccination. For example, small children to be vaccinated, people with a weakened immune system incompatible with all conditions after receiving the vaccine and those who are too ill to receive the vaccine (for example, patients with cancer). Vaccination may provide "collective protection" also for those who could not be vaccinated. The main component of the vaccines are the antigens, the active ingredient of the vaccines. It stimulates / stimulates the immune system to create immunity. Adjuvants are similar in function. Promote stimulation of the immune system. Together they form the active ingredient of the vaccine. Vaccines can also contain very small amounts of other substances that do not stimulate the immune system and, therefore, are inactive. They are of secondary importance and include, in particular, antibiotics, preservatives and stabilizers. The antigen is administered to the body in a vaccine (vaccine) in various ways, such as Particulates of live attenuated viruses, kill virus particles or only parts of viruses, bacterial surface antigens or antigens found within bacteria.
In Slovakia obligatory and optional vaccinations are available. Vaccine against ten diseases is mandatory, optionally against another thirteen diseases, of which 4 are vaccine traps. The vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, blackheads, polio, hepatitis B virus and invasive diseases of hemophilia is mandatory under regular mandatory vaccinations, as well as vaccination against measles, rheumatism and rubella. As part of the regular compulsory vaccines, adults should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus.
The vaccination program is developed by experts based on professional knowledge, years of experience, incidents of SR disease and neighboring countries, ECDC recommendations, the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the WHO – World Health Organization. The most successful preventative program in Slovakia is National Immunization Program. Its objective is to protect public health by reducing illnesses, eliminating and eradicating transmissible diseases and ensuring the effective and safe immunization of children and adults.
Every decrease in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection, which means increasing the risk of epidemics and threatening the most vulnerable. It does not matter that you will not have to vaccinate against diseases that do not occur. Collective protection is also important for national security. The free movement of people in the EU and a greater migration affect the safety and health of the Slovaks. The vaccination rate of children against measles in Slovakia fell below 95% in four regions: Bratislava, Trenčiansky, Banskobystrický and Košický. One of the unpleasant consequences was this year's measles epidemic in eastern Slovakia, when it affected 428 people.
If a parent does not refuse compulsory vaccinations without showing serious doctors or other doctors, he will be fined with a total of 331 euros. However, mandatory vaccinations do not impose fines due to their refusal, but the prevention of communicable diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. Compulsory vaccinations are available for all children in Slovakia and are covered by public health insurance. Due to the strict compliance with the vaccination obligation, Slovakia has until now achieved a high degree of vaccination and, therefore, the protection of the population against the diseases included in mandatory vaccinations.
An important period for vaccination is pregnancy. Feminine immunity and the functioning of your body go through a series of changes during pregnancy, which facilitates the appearance of infectious diseases. Before pregnancy, a woman must have all the mandatory vaccines to help protect her and her baby. Live vaccines should be at least one month before pregnancy. The greatest importance is vaccinations against sheep puppies if their wife does not survive. Non-living vaccines can also be administered before pregnancy and, as the case may be, during pregnancy. Each pregnant woman must be vaccinated against the flu every year from October to December and vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (dTAP) in the 28 to 37 weeks of pregnancy. In pregnancy, the flu can cause serious complications for the mother and the fetus, including death. In 2009, six pregnant women died of pandemic flu in SARI in Slovakia, which accounts for 46.15% of cases. The direct transmission of the mother-child flu during pregnancy is rare, but it is the cause of an involuntary abortion in the first trimester. The flu virus is causing the neural tube. Maternal flu is associated with a four-fold increase in fetal neoplasia: fetal tumors when their absolute numbers are low. The children of mothers with infected flu are delayed during their infancy. Postpartum vaccination is also important for the mother and the child. An inoculated mother reduces the risk of infecting her baby. Getting pregnant after birth is safe for the mother herself if she is breastfeeding. A woman who has not been vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should be inoculated immediately after delivery if she has not been vaccinated during the last five years.
Groups of people who have or are at increased risk of infection are compulsorily vaccinated in Slovakia in cases selected according to the Decree of the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic 585 of 10.12. 2008 laying down details on the prevention and control of communicable diseases. These are, for example, people who have come into contact with the tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis A disease. Compulsory vaccines are also people living in a common home with a person suffering from hepatitis B and against rabies that requires vaccination as people who came into contact with animal beasts. Pneumococcal infections are mandatory for people to be placed in social services homes.
There are also professions in which certain vaccines are mandatory. Tuberculosis vaccines are, for example, some doctors, lab workers or asylum workers. Epidemiologists, soldiers, members of the Guardian Corps and Judicial Prisons, firefighters and others are vaccinated against hepatitis A. Against hepatitis B, health school teachers, social service employees, work offices, social affairs and families, municipalities, children's facilities for social and legal protection and social welfare personnel are waiting for the vaccine against hepatitis B. Rabies vaccination is mandatory for employees of the virotoxic laboratories that treat the rabies virus, the employees of the corrective establishments that run the risk of infection directly; and sharks. Vaccination against squamous inflammation is mandatory for virological laboratories that work with tickle inflammation virus. Other vaccines are recommended for other groups of people and professionals.
Slovakia has committed itself to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), which is the development of the immunization program and its financial sustainability. Vaccination is part of the European Antibiotic Resistance Program. The state has the responsibility of citizens, especially for the health of children, the elderly and marginalized groups. Our duty is also to protect our health.