BRATISLAVA, November 8 (WebNoviny.sk) – The low inoculation of society threatens its health and can lead not only to unnecessary disease but also to death. Reducing the coverage of the population by vaccination can cause the recovery of the disease from which it was previously protected.
Disorder of diseases
Otherwise, when coverage is stable and high, the disease persists and, in some cases, may disappear completely. Despite the success of vaccination efforts every year, 1.5 million people die of diseases that prevent vaccination.
Since the introduction of vaccines, the expected life expectancy has increased between 15 and 25 years and is expected to continue increasing. The evidence suggests that vaccination has been a major contributor to the disease, which is now able to prevent further infectious diseases. Effective disease control and elimination programs have shown that they have mass vaccination programs.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccines will be the most important tool to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with flu pandemics, which infects approximately 3.5 million people annually, which causes the death of up to 650,000 people. In 1990, transmissible diseases accounted for 33 percent of all deaths, only 25 percent in 2010.
Vaccines are also among the most affordable healthcare investments. They reduce the economic burden of the society for infectious diseases and reduce, for example, the pressure on health systems.
The vaccine helps prevent transmission and spread of infectious diseases in society and can provide collective protection for people who can not vaccinate, such as very young children, people with immune systems affected or seriously ill patients.
Vaccination is also necessary against diseases that do not occur. Each decrease in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection and increases the risk of epidemics. An example of the decline in vaccination is, for example, the eastern epidemic of eastern measles eastern measles.
In Slovakia obligatory and optional vaccinations are available. The first category includes the vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, black cough, polio, hepatitis B virus and hemophiliac invasive infections, measles, laughter and rubella.
It is also mandatory to vaccinate against adults against diphtheria and tetanus. Compulsory vaccinations, whose objective is to avoid transmissible diseases that can be avoided from being vaccinated, is available to all children in Slovakia and is covered by public health insurance.
Parents who do not prove severe cases to a serious healthcare provider or to other doctors and who refuse forced vaccinations will be required to pay a fine of € 331. Optional vaccination involves thirteen other diseases, four of which are vaccinations for travel.
Vaccination is also important for pregnant women. Before pregnancy, a woman must undergo all mandatory vaccinations. Live vaccines that contain attenuated bacterial or viral particles should be authorized to vaccinate no later than one month before the scheduled pregnancy, with the vaccine against ovine chicken that is most important if the woman did not survive.
Non-living vaccines, with live viral or bacterial particles, can also be given immediately before pregnancy and, if applicable, during pregnancy. Each pregnant woman must be vaccinated against the flu (from October to December) and diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (28 to 37 weeks of pregnancy).
The importance for the mother and child are vaccinated until after delivery and it is safe to vacill even though the woman nurses her. An inoculated mother reduces the risk of infecting her baby. A woman who did not vaccinate against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should be inoculated immediately after birth if she has not been vaccinated during the last five years.
Pregnancy complications can cause flu, for example. The direct transmission of mother's flu to the fetus during pregnancy is, for example, the cause of spontaneous abortion in the first trimester. The flu virus causes neural tube scanners and maternal influenza are also associated with four times the incidence of fetal tumors. The children of mothers with infected flu are delayed during their infancy.
Vaccines are also mandatory in selected professions. For example, doctors, laboratories or asylum workers are vaccinated against tuberculosis, while epidemiologists, soldiers, guards and law enforcement officers or brigades of hepatitis A fire bite against hepatitis B, teachers of schools of health, social and family matters, municipalities or social careers.
Risk of infection
Employees of the virological laboratories that work with rabies virus, corrective plants and sprayers should be authorized to vaccinate against rabies. The testicular inflammation of the brain must be subjected to vaccination by personnel of virological laboratories that work with a sputum virus, quotient.
Compulsory vaccinations must also be completed by groups of people who are or have been exposed to a higher risk of infection. These are, for example, people who came into contact with patients with tuberculosis, meningitis or A viral hepatitis, people living in a family with a person suffering from hepatitis B and people who came into contact with a beast. In homes for social services, it is necessarily vaccinated against pneumococcal infections.
The SITA information was provided by Erika Zimanova de Accelerate.