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What are the panic attacks and how to deal with them?

November 16, 2018

Everyone is always worried or nervous. Anxiety is a normal response to stressful situations, but for people with anxiety disorders, these fears and worries are not temporary. Your anxiety is hard and it can get worse. Anxiety can seriously affect an individual's ability to work at work, school, and social situations, but there are effective methods of treatment.

What is a panic attack?

Panic is the most extreme form of anxiety and anxiety. Panic attack usually occurs suddenly.

Fear and anxiety, which seem to appear from nothing, cause physiological and psychological symptoms. The level of fear experienced is unrealistic and totally disproportionate to events or circumstances that cause a panic attack. In fact, it is a reflection of what happens in the tonsil, which can not recognize what is the past and what is the present.

Everyone can have panic attacks, and frequent and constant episodes can be a sign of panic or anxiety disorder that requires treatment. Excessive stress, for example, can cause a panic attack that is completely unpredictable and that panic anxiety may be present for a long time. Attacks usually last for a short time (5 to 30 minutes) and can occur in most people only once in their lives, or more often and more frequently per day.

Often they have an obvious trigger, such as an intimidating event, a place, a person or a memory, but apparently they appear without a clear reason, although many therapists believe that panic attacks usually have an explanation that can be detected and addressed.

Symptoms of panic attack

A panic attack, which is usually intimidating and disturbing, can cause sudden and sudden anxiety, and can be physiologically very intense and overwhelming. They usually appear

– shaking,
– Surface breathing, cushioning sensation,
– increased heart rate, chest pain,
– nausea, dizziness, fainting,
– restless thoughts,
– t. me view of the tunnel,
– numbness of the limbs,
– Scary thoughts, especially with regard to death,
– extreme restlessness,
– muscle tension,
– the belief that a person loses control or the sense of reality,
– The feeling of separation of the body itself

Is there self-help?

People who have frequent panic attacks often change their lifestyle because they try to avoid situations that can cause attacks. This can have favorable consequences in the short term, but the long-term avoidance of challenges is not the best solution, as this can be done by anxiety by reducing the living space and avoiding many social interactions that may be beneficial for individuals . This can lead to the formation of several phobias, such as agoraphobia.

Stress control plays an important role in self-help. Many people have panic attacks when they are so overwhelmed by the stress they can no longer cope with. You already talk about stress and regular pauses and pauses can reduce the effects of chronic stress.

During the attack, focus on breathing and find a safe space that will give you privacy. It can also help relax physical tension with movement, prayer, meditation, yoga, breathing exercises, etc.

Panic attacks are not dangerous and usually break down by themselves, but they can become dangerous if they occur while driving or are risky. It can also help realistic thinking, as opposed to overestimating the risk of panic attacks (unconsciousness, death, heart attack) or catastrophic danger (public unrest, lack of willingness to help people close). You can write those thoughts or imagine the worst possible scenario that a panic attack can bring you and make a plan on how to act and solve.

Psychotherapeutic help

Speaking with the therapist is especially recommended for those who often suffer from panic attacks or are afraid of them. In some cases, medications play an important role in treating anxiety disorders. Research shows that behavioral therapy, alone or in combination with medications, is a very effective method of treatment for most people with this type of disorder.

The therapy helps change patterns of thought and responses in inspiring situations of fear. Client therapists learn healthier and more effective methods to combat attacks. We learn to recognize and regulate factors that can affect anxiety and techniques that can help eliminate unwanted behavior associated with anxiety disorders. That is why we encourage the implementation of activities that can cause anxiety, since they can learn that their fear will not be done and gradually recover confidence in you and your body.

Therapy is a collaborative process where the therapist and the client together try to detect specific fear and techniques so that they will help to cope with anxiety. Customers can use these techniques out of therapy in situations where they feel uncomfortable. In any case, the client's therapist will not be forced into this situation until he is convinced that he has mastered the necessary techniques that will allow them to successfully face fears.
Family and family therapy helps relatives, in particular, understand the anxiety of their loved ones, teach them to coexist with them, and especially help children and adolescents to experience anxiety disorders.

Treatment can reduce anxiety disorders or symptoms after a few months of therapy, and many may see the progression after several meetings.

Matjaž Petrič, legal and family therapist
Center for marriage and family therapy, Upan, Ljubljana

The photos are symbolic. Photo: Tatjana Splichal

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