How to tell the flu or the cold, the dean responds
Recently, the Minister of Health and Welfare, Chen Shizhong, was worried about the recent flu incident in Taipei City United Hospital and Hospital Hospital de Paz. Professor Zhang Shangyu, the commander of the Taipei Region for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, director Zhou Zhihao of the Agency for Disease Control and director Huang Shijie of the Department of Health of the Taipei Municipal Government and the president of the Taipei City Union Hospital, Huang Shengjian and others visited the site.
So far, there have been a total of 15 cases involving 2 serious deaths, and there were no new cases after the beginning of January 25, indicating that the focus was effectively controlled. The Department of Disease Control and the Taipei City Health Bureau will continue tracking and tracking 81 contacts related to the incident until February 2.
At the time it is more likely to suffer from a cold, before this most common threat to personal health, the public knows this. The preventive medical institution responds specifically to the public's questions about the flu.
Chen Jianzhi, dean of preventive medicine ChuangjianIt is said that the official name of the common cold is acute infection of the upper respiratory tract and it is estimated that there are more than two hundred types of viruses capable of causing a general cold. Flu (flu) is an infection caused by the "flu virus." Because both are easy to cause inflammation in the nose, throat and bronchus, medical personnel still can not fully distinguish.
Chen Jianzhi indicated that the common cold is usually confined to the cavity and nasal throat (upper respiratory tract), causing sore throat, nasal congestion, nose, cough, etc. Occasionally, the complication of otitis media, bronchitis, vocal cord, high fever or pneumonia are rare.
The flu is more systemic. Initially it shows chills, fever, burns and muscle aches of the body. After that, there may be symptoms such as sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, gastrointestinal discomfort. Severe cases may present complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis and myocarditis. .
The following is a common preventative medical institution to solve the common Q & A for influenza
Why are winters and colds particularly good in winter?
In fact, there are many viruses that cause a common cold, almost every year. The low temperature itself is not the cause of a cold or flu.
The habit of feeling the virus is usually that the heat is not afraid of the cold and that it is more active in a low temperature environment. Therefore, under the cold temperature, the flu case will increase a lot in winter. In addition, people often stay indoors to avoid cold in winter. The more confined and crowded the space, the contact between the people is more frequent, the virus more easily will extend, reason why the incidence of colds and influenza are especially high in winter.
How to avoid getting a cold or a flu to your family?
How to avoid that the situation "of a person can fall in cold, the family falls", the self-esteem of the personal hygiene is most important.
Because sneezing and cough drops are contagious, ballots, scarves, facial tissues or sleeves should be used at any time to catch the virus in the drops.
The safest way to do this is to use a mask and try to keep your child's safety distance to more than one meter (avoiding drops). Remember that any toilet paper used, facial tissue or mask clothing is covered by a virus and should be discarded as soon as possible. In the bin and often wash your hands to prevent family members from accidentally touching the utensils, utensils, desk or children's toys contaminated by their hands covered by viruses.
How to avoid a cold or flu?
A balanced diet and regular exercise are the only ways to develop adequate physical endurance. In addition, washing your hands, using masks and injecting influenza vaccines are the three magic weapons to prevent viral infections.
The hand is the most accessible conduit for the human body. We often ignore the tables, chairs, grabbing, daily needs, etc. which touched the patient and, unintentionally, create many opportunities for contact with the virus. If you can develop the habit of washing your hands, it will naturally reduce the chances of getting infections.
In a crowded environment, the virus can be transmitted through the air or drops, and the mask is the best shield. Remember to wash your hands immediately after removing the mask. Because the mask is used for a while, it is difficult to keep the surface from getting some viruses. Wash your hands immediately to avoid the possibility of infection.
Although protection against influenza vaccines is still limited (official claims are from 70% to 90% for healthy adults and from 50% to 60% for elderly people), but it is better than any flu defense. Is guaranteed Therefore, apart from some people who are not apt for their physical fitness, they are encouraged to receive flu vaccination every year.
What should I pay attention to when I get a cold or a flu?
Most colds or flu, through the hardest days or weeks, will not be cured after the body's immune mobilization succeeds. It does not matter if it is a prescription or a medication, it can not change the course of the disease, but it can usually reduce the discomfort caused by fever, pain, disrupted nose, thick sputum, etc.
In addition, adequate rest and water supplements can help alleviate or prevent the deterioration of the symptoms. It does not matter the nasal cavity, the mouth, the throat … All the respiratory tract is covered by the mucous epithelium. The too dry environment is not conducive to the normal protection of the mucous membrane, and it is easy to aggravate the symptoms such as sore throat, cough and viscous sputum. It is recommended to add hot water, clear soup, tea and other beverages, but coffee, alcoholic beverages, sugary drinks, sweets, salty, fried and essential oils are prone to dehydration, dry mouth or sputum. I should try to avoid.