Jobs may be stressful, but there are some that cause more mental tension than others, according to a new report from the Centers for the control and prevention of diseases.
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The agency recently conducted a study to determine occupational groups with the highest rates of suicide. To do this, they examined data from 17 states that participated in the National System of Information on National Violent Death 2012 and 2015.
In general, the researchers analyzed the suicidal deaths of 22,053 Americans in active age and identified jobs using the Standard Occupational Classifications established by the Office of Labor Statistics of the United States.
After evaluating the results, they found the construction and extraction field, which included works such as carpenters, electricians and miners, had the highest rates of suicide for men in 2015, calculating 53.2 suicides for 100,000 working people.
Regarding the women in 2015, the races in arts, design, entertainment, sports and means had the highest rates of suicide, with 15.6 suicides per 100,000 working people. These works include illustrators, tattoos and professional sports players.
The highest increase in suicide rates among men took place in the arts, design, entertainment, sports and media group. There was a 47 percent increase between 2012 and 2015. The biggest increase for women between 2012 and 2015 was in the food and service preparation group, where there was an increase of 54 percent.
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The field of education, training and library, which includes professors, professors and archivists, had the lowest suicide rates for men and women.
Analysts could not identify a specific reason for the connection between certain races and suicide rates, because they believe there are several explanations.
"The etiology of suicide is multifactorial and identifying the specific role that professional factors can play in the risk of suicide is complicated," the team explained. "Work factors (for example, little work control or work insecurity) and non-work (for example, conflict of relationship) are associated with psychological suffering and suicide."
Scientists have noted some limitations. They recognized that the results were not representative at the national level, as only 17 states participated. However, they said that there should be more knowledge about the suicide rates of each race group.
"A better understanding of how suicides are distributed by the occupational group can help inform prevention programs and policies. Because many adults spend a substantial amount of their time at work, the workplace is an important but underutilized place for the prevention of suicide, "said the authors. "Additional and adapted prevention approaches may be needed to support workers at greatest risk."
Want to learn more about the evaluation. See here or the full report.
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