The road from tropical Central America, from the jungle to the gigantic capital of Mexico and then to the desert that leads to the USA. UU. EU, It reduces the health of the plagued caravan of migrants who are at risk of getting respiratory infections such as tuberculosis and flu.
At dawn this Sunday, almost 5,000 American centralists, most of Hondurans, marched to Tijuana, where from which they want to apply for asylum to EE. UU. UU. Although the president of that country, Donald Trump, signed last week a presidential car that limits the options of asylum seekers on the border with Mexico and prevents this protection from being granted to those who go to their country illegally.
Pushing cars with children still sleeping and dragging heavy blankets with which they faced a cold night in the corridor outside of the Corregidora stadium in the central state of Querétaro, they reached the point where the road to the neighboring Guanajuato begins. There the first symptoms of weariness between migrants appeared, suffering from extreme weather changes, overpopulation and physical exhaustion.
A teenager disappeared on the roadside. "It takes days with fever", he came to say that one of the guys who accompanied him, before loading it. A few meters ahead, a 4-year-old Honduran girl fell to the ground, convulsing when she made an eternal line to tackle a cargo trailer with her mother Mirna Carolina Ayala.
"I do not know what you have, I did not want to eat in days … if something happens, I die," said the woman in sobs, while the paramedics administered oxygen to the girl. The little Madaleli "brings fever and the glucose is high, it must be evaluated by a pediatric team for a possible prediabetes. It is dehydrated, it did not eat well," said Luis Manuel Martínez, emergency coordinator of the local health secretary's emergency system. When he regained consciousness, the girl was taken by ambulance to a hospital. Their cry of pain consternaban good part of the caravan.
Winter is coming
In general, the caravan enters "deteriorated state". "They come from a hot climate and here the temperature is down, more wear and tear, people are not accustomed to these days of walking, have eaten and slept badly."explains Martínez.
For the doctor, the most urgent risks are respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. "We detected bags of infection by influenza and tuberculosis," said a Red Cross doctor who asked for anonymity and spent the night in the refuge.
Early in the morning, a symphony of sneezing, moaning and moaning coughs resonated in the field of overpopulated scaffolding, struck by strong chains of frozen air. "Most of us have been affected by coughing, the flu, due to the exaggerated climate, very cold, I can not stand it," said José Castellano, a 20-year-old Honduran who left the field doctor's office with his hands full of medications.
The spread of viruses and bacteria is frequent. "If you do not take your boat with water, you have to pull it out of your partner," explains the boy, trembling cold, under both pants and the double jacket he saw. Castellano understands that each passing day is closer to winter, which reaches temperatures below zero near the northern border. "You have to be prepared so that they do not kill us with hypothermia," he said.
Most of us have been affected by coughing, flu. Due to the exaggerated climate, very cold
Garbage and new bathrooms
Tuberculosis affects the lungs, causing coughing, fever, night sweats and weight loss, according to the World Health Organization. Although it is curable if treated immediately, it extends through coughing, sneezing or spitting, such as flu. These diseases can degenerate into epidemics, cause pneumonia or death.
Immigrants sleep apoplected in the open, forming a giant carpet or a multicolored mosaic. Next to them there are always mobile baths that sometimes overflow, besides the mountain of garbage and remains that are being generated.
The stadium only lent ten toilets, "five for men and five for women (…) and we are a crowd," said Julio Diaz, a Honduran electrician who must cure his baby for an eye infection.
"The problem is that some of us who are going here are ordered but others are very dirty, they have no education," he said, pressing a plastic medicine bag.
Through the runned labyrinths of the camp, headaches, bones, feet, shoulders, molars, stomach and chest are critically cited. There are also soul pains. "What makes me harm is the heart, I speak of everything I love in my country," says Araceli Lopez, a single mother who hugs her daughter with a louse of special lice.
"Children always hug and play, so everyone was full of lice," she explains, while crushing one of the parasites between her nails.