The WHO presents the first health guidelines for adults with severe mental illness
The World Health Organization (WHO) today published the first global guidelines for the management of the physical state of health of adults with severe mental illness.
According to WHO, people with severe mental illness generally have a life expectancy between 10 and 20 years less than the general population. This includes moderate to severe depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychotic conditions.
Although most of these premature deaths are due to physical health conditions, access to comprehensive health services, which offer health promotion programs, analyzes and treatments for physical and mental state, remain out of reach. of most of them.
WHO's new guidelines, the first of these types, are intended to treat people with severe mental illness who suffer from cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C and diseases derived from dependence. of tobacco, abuse of alcohol or other substances and / or overweight.
They offer recommendations related to lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet, increased physical activity and cessation of smoking, psychosocial support and medications, taking into account the possible interactions between different medications with prescription and mental health conditions . physical
To improve the health of people with severe mental illnesses and increase their life expectancy, guidelines recommend individual health interventions, adjustments to health systems and actions that can be taken at the community level.
In addition, it includes training of health personnel, provision of appropriate medications and adaptation of health information systems to collect information on the use of the necessary services that must be established in case of non-existence.
On a individual level, WHO said that risk factors for poor physical health, such as smoking, unhealthy diet or lack of regular exercise, as well as physical health conditions, need to be identified and treated.