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Mystery of treasures and national treasures: treasures on the river

Friday, February 1, 2011 at 00:31 (GMT + 7)

Cai Rang's floating market is the most active in Tay Do's floating markets, which sells crafts, agricultural products, household products, food products, household goods …

Cai Rang's floating market is not only a very singular cultural activity in the community life of the Tay Do area, but also a national immaterial heritage. Many years ago, Can Tho City has developed a project to preserve and develop this famous tourist site.

Long ago

"The market has been floating since mid-afternoon
I still sink in the middle of sunset
I hung up the Ba Lang Tooth
I love Lake Vam Xang Can Tho "

The poem "Cai Rang Floating Market" by Huynh Kim describes in part the typical activity of Cai Rang's floating market. According to many documents, Cai Rang originated from the Khmer as "Karan", which means "coffee – Mr. Apple", which is a molded oven. Previously, the people of Khmer in Xa Ton (now belonging to the Tri Ton district, in An Giang province) made a lot of cucumbers and then filled many big boys along the Cai River to park in the Cai Rang floating market. Over time, local residents pronounce "karan" in Cai Rang.

Mysterious treasures and national heritage: the treasure of the river - 1

The Cai Rang floating market is an attractive tourist destination of Can Tho

According to the Institute of Social Economy of Can Tho City, Cai Rang is a prosperous land, formed from the reign of King Minh Mang. In 1897, Cai Rang was one of the ten Can Tho markets that developed heavily. At the end of the 19th century, the French dug the Nga Bay channel – Ya No to help the trade expand. Parallel to the functioning of the market on the coast, the river also forms a market with hundreds of boats and boats on the day of the negotiation and exchange of merchandise. The Vietnamese sell fruits and vegetables; Chinese raft houses sell groceries, while Khmer ship traders sell coffee.

The floating market of Cai Rang was formed in the early 20th century when the French channel excavation was completed in 1915. The position of the floating market is now at the intersection of 4 rivers: Can Tho, Dau Sau, Cai Son, Cai Rang Be, adjacent to the market on the coast, near the sides of the Cai Rang bridge today. In the early 90s of the 20th century, due to navigation obstacles, this floating market was moved to the bridge to Phong Dien, downstream from the Can Tho River, about 600 meters from the Cai Rang bridge in the afternoon. It occupies a half river channel of 100 to 120 meters, along the river from 1.3 to 1.5 km.

According to the study by author Nham Hung, from 1945 to 1975, the Cai Rang floating market and other floating markets in the West were not exciting because the government at that time did not encourage the collection of ships, Easy to control security. After 1975, especially since the party's renewal policy in 1986, commercial activities in floating markets have been restored and developed rapidly. The Cai Rang floating market is located on the river via the Hau River – Now Without a Channel, so it is very convenient for commerce. That is why the Cai Rang floating market is the largest and most occupied in the region. The basic products in floating markets are diverse, such as agricultural products, crafts, household items, food products, essential household items …

The tree hanging on the boat is a unique way to offer only in floating markets. The sellers who have some type of agricultural product to sell will hang a product in a pole in the boat to offer (call to the tree). Buyers looking for agricultural products know what they sell.

The method of delivery of people in the floating market is also very specific: buyers and sellers are on the shipping ship for juggling goods from one hand to another. At one point, the density of floating ships on the market was up to 500-600 units. The floating market of Cai Rang is no longer as crowded as due to the development of the road. According to Mr. Bui Huu Sang, Head of Information and Department of Culture of the Cai Rang district, there are only about 150 wholesalers and retailers in the floating market; in which there are about 40 fixed trading boats.

Enter the 10 most impressive markets in the world

In 2016, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (VH-TT-DL) recognized the culture of the Cai Rang floating market as national immaterial heritage. In the same year, Can Tho approved the project "Conservation and development of the Cai Rang floating market" with a total investment exceeding VND 63 billion. Consequently, buoys will be installed to limit anchorage vessels, establishing the Governing Board of the Cai Rang floating market, building floating market vessels, public toilets, yachts …

After nearly three years of project implementation, there have been many positive results: propaganda to raise awareness among people and traders to preserve floating markets and develop tourism; Maintaining the service of your country in the river to promote and serve tourists … The Cai Rang District also distributed garbage for all households that live in the floating market area and equipped with lifeboats to protect the environment. The British magazine Rough Guide, once it has chosen the floating market of Cai Rang as one of the 10 most impressive markets in the world.

Mr. Tran Thanh Lam, a trader specialized in selling agricultural products in Vinh Long, with emotion: "I used to transport agricultural products from the garden houses in Vinh Long to resell the Cai Rang floating market. What I like about the floating East market It is a very safe traffic flow, in addition, there is no trash situation that flows as before. "According to Mr. Sang, to preserve and develop the Cai Rang floating market, in recent years and in recent years, the District Popular Committee, in collaboration with the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of the city of Can Tho, organizes a tourism festival "Culture Floating market Cai Rang "with many propaganda and promotion activities, which combines many cultural, art, fitness and sports activities …

Update the floating market

On average, the Cai Rang floating market welcomes 2,500-3,000 visitors. This is a tourist destination that is often exploded in the tours of many companies, tourists arriving at floating markets increase from 15% -20% / year. However, visitors only reach the floating market once and rarely return because the service is still not abundant.

Mr. Tran Viet Phuong, director of the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Can Tho, said: "Recently, the town invested more than 14,800 million pesetas to compensate and support the transfer of Song Hau Farm and warehouse. Renewing this place as stop point for the Cai Rang floating market, including elements: the construction of a two-story observatory for tourists to use coffee, to enjoy the panoramic market, agricultural products, clean fruits or the deployment of entertainment activities to serve tourists. ..

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